Medication persistence has rarely been studied for integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI)-based regimens among patients living HIV (PLWH) in Asia. This study investigated medication persistence for newly prescribed INSTI-based regimens in Japan by comparing single-tablet regimens (STRs) versus multiple-tablet regimens (MTRs), based on the Medical Data Vision database.


Adult PLWH with ≥2 claims for antiretroviral therapy (ART) of interest between 1 January 2017 and 30 June 2018 were included if they had a ≥3-month continuous enrolment prior to the index date and a ≥6-month follow-up after the index date. Medication persistence was measured as the duration from initiation to discontinuation of the prescribed INSTI-based regimen.


Overall, 487 patients were included, with 220 in the STR cohort and 267 in the MTR cohort. Persistence was longer in the STR cohort than in the MTR cohort (mean days on the index regimens: 384.2 vs 317.3, P<0.001). MTRs were associated with a higher risk of discontinuation than STRs (hazard ratio [HR], 1.72; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.18–2.52; P = 0.005). Other factors that were associated with discontinuation were backbone (emtricitabine/ tenofovir disoproxil fumarate vs emtricitabine/ tenofovir alafenamide: HR, 5.64; 95% CI, 3.68–8.66; P<0.001), third agent (raltegravir vs elvitegravir/ cobicistat: HR, 2.06; 95% CI, 1.10–3.86; P=0.024), age (HR, 1.02; 95% CI, 1.01–1.03; P = 0.007), and the number of non-ART index medications (HR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.12–1.21; P<0.001).


Among PLWH newly prescribed an INSTI-based regimen in Japan, STRs were associated with longer persistence than MTRs.


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