Authors: Daisy Ng-Mak, Andrew Messali, Ahong Huang, Li Wang, Antony Loebel

This study compared the risk of hospitalization among adults with schizophrenia being treated with equivalent dose ranges of lurasidone versus aripiprazole, olanzapine, quetiapine, or risperidone. Administrative claims data for this analysis came from the IBM MarketScan Commercial, Medicare Supplemental, and Multi-State Medicaid databases between January 2011 and June 2017. The study included adults with schizophrenia who initiated treatment with an antipsychotic and were continuously enrolled for 360 days prior to and following the date of the initial antipsychotic prescription. Risk of all-cause and schizophrenia-related hospitalization among patients who received lurasidone monotherapy versus aripiprazole, olanzapine, quetiapine, or risperidone in equivalent dose ranges were assessed. Marginal structural models that accounted for preindex characteristics, changes in antipsychotic treatment, and time-varying covariates assessed differences between lurasidone and other second-generation antipsychotics on all-cause and schizophrenia-related hospitalizations. A sensitivity analysis was conducted without the dose-equivalence requirement. A total of 20,212 patients met the study inclusion criteria. Compared with those treated with lurasidone monotherapy, the adjusted risk of all-cause hospitalization was significantly higher among patients treated with olanzapine (adjusted rate ratio [aRR], 1.49; P = .04), quetiapine (aRR, 1.64; P = .01), or risperidone (aRR, 1.47; P = .04), but not aripiprazole (aRR, 1.24; P = .28). A similar, non-statistically significant pattern of adjusted risks of schizophrenia-related hospitalizations was observed. A sensitivity analysis without the dose-equivalence requirement produced consistent results. As hospitalization is a major cost driver of direct healthcare cost, lurasidone may be a cost-saving treatment option for patients with schizophrenia.

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