Authors: Mohamed A Sobhy, Maurice Khoury, Wael A Almahmeed, Janvi Sah, Manuela Di Fusco, Jack Mardekian, Sid Ahmed Kherraf, Renato D Lopes, Ahmad Hersi

Background: Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, affecting 33.5 million patients globally. It is associated with increased morbidity, leading to significant clinical and economic burden. There exist only limited data in the Middle Eastern region from the existing registries. The goal of the FLOW-AF (atrial FibriLlatiOn real World management registry in the Middle East and Africa) registry is to evaluate the characteristics, treatment patterns, and clinical and economic outcomes associated with anticoagulation among patients newly diagnosed with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation in Egypt, Lebanon, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.

Methods: This study will be a multi-country, multicenter, prospective observational registry aiming to enroll 1446 newly diagnosed nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients at more than 20 sites across the four countries. During the recruitment period, patients will be included if they were newly diagnosed with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and had initiated treatment for the prevention of stroke/systemic embolism. Patient data will be assessed prospectively at 6 and 12 months from their enrollment date. Demographics, clinical characteristics, antithrombotic treatments received, clinical outcomes, adverse events, healthcare resource utilization, and direct costs associated with management of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation will be collected and analyzed overall, by country, and by groups created based on treatment, demographics, and clinical characteristics, medical history and risk factors.

Conclusion: The FLOW-AF registry will provide information on the uptake of oral anticoagulants, treatment patterns, clinical outcomes, and healthcare utilization and costs among newly diagnosed nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients in the Middle Eastern region.

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